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Archive for May, 2009

The blog below is written by Wendy Phelps, a US Citizen teaching English in Japan with the JET program who spent her alternative spring break learning more about the Philippines with the Green Empowerment partner, AID Foundation Inc., on the central island of Negros in May 2009.

Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation Incorporated (AIDFI) was a wonderful host for my five days in the Negros Occidental region of the Philippines.  From the moment they met me at the airport to the very comprehensive schedule they prepared for me, I could not have asked for a better experience.  During my time with them, I got to see first hand the many components of their organization in action.

DAY 1.  Visiting ram pump sites

After Liloy and Roy picked me up from my hotel, we headed east out of Bacolod City to check on two existing ram pump projects.  After driving for almost 2 hours on muddy dirt roads, swerving around overloaded tricycles, we reached our first stop.  We were greeted by half a dozen members of the water association standing under the corrugated metal awning that served as the association hall.  Roy explained to me that out of the dozens of projects AIDFI has implemented in Negros, this is the only community to build an association hall.  Not surprisingly, the ram pump project in this community is well maintained; the result of a strong community leader and real sense of ownership among its members.  After a brief conversation, we went to look at the pump.  From the center of the community where we parked the car, it was about a 15 minute walk.  The last 200 meters were a bit of challenge, weaving through trees on a steep, forested slope.  We found the pump clanging away, providing the 45 members of the association with clean water for drinking and washing, 24 hours a day.  After almost slipping twice en route to the pump site, it was easy to see what a difference having access to water close to home makes for the association members.

We got back in the car and headed to stop two, a slightly bigger installation that serves 150 people who live along a four kilometer span of road.  When we arrived at the leader’s house, there was no one standing out front to greet us.  Closer inspection revealed there was no one home; my guides explained that everyone had gone into town to shop at the Sunday market.  The walk down to the pump here was less treacherous than the first stop’s, but we did have to walk daintily around some large cattle that were also using the path.  Since there was still one more stop on the agenda, we couldn’t wait for the association leader to return.  As we drove back towards the main road, we passed several families walking back home from the market with huge sacks of rice and sugar across their backs.

After a lunch break, we made our way to the last community of the day.  We took the car as far as it would go on another narrow, uneven dirt road, then got out and walked almost a kilometer to reach the house that would host that afternoon’s organizational meeting.  Since it was raining, everyone tried to fit into the small, dim living room, but once the rain stopped, the group, which was mostly women, went outside to better accommodate everyone.  I couldn’t understand much of the content, but their excitement and enthusiasm was easy to recognize.  After electing the officers for the new association, everyone signed their names onto a list, agreeing to help with the installation and maintenance of the ram pump, and verifying their understanding of the monthly dues.  Dues would be around 20 pesos a month, or less than US$0.50.

DAY 2-3.  Staying overnight in Mambugsay

The next morning, I met Toto, an expert in organic farming and composting, who accompanied me on the three hour journey to Mambugsay, south of Bacolod City.  The community we visited is not only home to a ram pump project, but also has an organic lemon grass oil industry.  Each member of the association has a small plot of land (usually under one acre) which they use to grow lemon grass.  At harvest time, lemon grass from different growers is combined in the communal distiller to produce oil, which is then packaged and sold at the AIDFI office.  On the afternoon I arrived, preparations were underway for processing a batch of lemon grass the next morning.  These included removing the remains of the last batch from the distiller and chopping a few hundred kilograms of grass into short pieces so that it would fit into the distiller without being too bulky.

Next on the afternoon agenda was checking up on the composting program Toto had started the last time he was in Mambugsay.  The existing piles were home to some disgusting looking white grubs, which meant they were progressing well and full of nutrients.  The next step was to start a pile for another member of the association.  Half a dozen people worked together to gather materials from nearby.  We used dead lemon grass, green and brown banana leaves, chicken manure, and sticks and leaves from a cacao plant to form a cone.  The outside layer was protected by fresh banana leaves.  Toto said the pile should sit for 45 days, then be turned and left for another 15.  At the end of two months, the compost would be ready to use.  Using compost made of local materials is more economical and much healthier than spraying pesticides, and insures that the oil produced in the community can be sold with an organic label.

Chopping Lemon Grass for the Mambugsay Distiller

Chopping Lemon Grass for the Mambugsay Distiller

The next morning was spent back at the oil distiller.  There was still a sizable mountain of lemon grass to be chopped, and the chopped pieces needed to be scooped into bags and weighed before they could be put into the distiller.  All together, this batch of oil used about 200 kilograms of grass.  The grass was poured into the top of the distiller.  A fire was built underneath.  As the grass heated up, it produced steam that was diverted into a separator.  Once the steam cooled, it would condense and separate into water and the desired oil.  Since water is denser than oil, it left the separator out of a spigot at the bottom, while the oil dripped out from one at the top.  The whole process took about 3 hours, and at the end there was 1.2 liters of oil to take back with us to the AIDFI office.

Compost Pile in Mambugsay

Compost Pile in Mambugsay

DAY 4.  AIDFI Office and TechnoPark

After seeing a few projects in person, I was looking forward to seeing the place where they started from, the AIDFI office.  The office is located on a main road leading out of Bacolod City.  Downstairs is a coffee shop and a garage where the technicians work hard manufacturing different components for the ram pumps and other technologies.  Upstairs there are desks and computers where the director, community organizers and human resources department work.  Out back is the TechnoPark, where several AIDFI technologies have been installed.

On the day I visited, AIDFI staff led two groups of local college students through the park, explaining how each project worked and could be used to benefit communities in sustainable ways.  After the tour groups left, I spent the afternoon working with Toto; feeding the pigs that produced the methane used for cooking in the coffee shop, sifting the substrate from the worm culture pen, and tidying up the grass and small vegetable garden.  In addition to serving as an outdoor classroom for interested members of the general community, the TechnoPark allows the technicians to test their products right on site!  Overall, I was really amazed by the efficiency of the whole operation.  The TechnoPark wasn’t much bigger than a football field, but contained about a dozen different, yet complimentary technologies.

AIDFI’s Techno Park

AIDFI’s Techno Park

DAY 5.  Mt. Kanlaon Area Projects

Each day of my itinerary with AIDFI involved something different from the previous day, and the last day was no exception.  Today’s agenda took us to three communities in the scenic area near the base of Mt. Kanlaon Volcano.  From our approach on a rocky, narrow dirt road, the first community looked just like any of the other ones I had visited.  But a short walk from where we left the car revealed something entirely unique—a community managed swimming pool!  I was so surprised to climb up the stairs and almost fall into its clear blue waters.  Clearly, quantity of water was not an issue here, although like so many other small villages, accessing the water involves a climb over steep, wooded slopes.  This community already has a few ramp pumps which provide water for irrigation, so the purpose of today’s visit was to talk with the leaders about the installation of a small hydropower generator.  While Liloy, Roy and Carl talked about the specifics of the project with community members, I jealously watched the younger residents enjoy the pool.  The pool is a wonderful asset in the hot climate, and has the capacity to be enjoyed by members of neighboring communities, but the bad conditions of the roads in the area leave the pool under utilized.

Our next stop was at the home of a farmer, who like almost all of farmers in the Negros region grows sugar for giant corporations.  This farmer though, has been specially recognized for his high yield crops.  The secret to his success—growing organic!  While we were there, we also got to sample some of his organically grown coffee.  This farmer’s commitment to not using chemical pesticides and fertilizers has paid off with contracts with foreign companies.    From what I understood, he was currently seeking organic certification with a distributor based in Germany.  These contracts help diversify his income, helping to protect his livelihood if one crop fails.

The last stop of the day was to visit members of the AIDFI team who are currently living in a community and preparing the parts of a ram pump to be installed there.  The community had loaned the technicians the use of an empty house to sleep and work in.  Since there is no electricity, they were using a generator made out of an old motorbike engine to power the tools needed to manufacture the pipe connections.  This is the kind of thing I would never think about, since I have always lived in place where electricity is available at the flick of a switch.  This stop exemplified the commitment of the AIDFI staff to their work.  The technicians had been working away from their families for a few weeks, and when AIDFI does projects in other parts of the Philippines, the technicians are sometimes away from home for more than month.

With AIDFI’s busy schedule, I feel very honored to have been able to spend a week with them.  Reading about the projects before I went to the Philippines, it was easy to come to the conclusion that the work they are doing is important.  But to actually visit the projects they have completed and see the enthusiasm in the communities were the work is just starting gave me a much deeper appreciation for what they are able to accomplish.  The ram pump technology may be simple, and consist of door hinges and old tires, but it so much more than just the sum of its parts, freeing up precious time that used to be spent collecting water for other economic pursuits, family time and leisure.

Community Near Mt. Kanlaon

Community Near Mt. Kanlaon

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Happiness

Happiness

Green Empowerment has recently received a Proclamation from the City of Portland and from the State of Oregon recognizing its leadership in sustainable international development.

And now Green Empowerment has its own day.  I’m not kidding.  June 9th is Green Empowerment Day in Oregon.  It’s pretty exciting, and we hope to share it with you!

Please come and celebrate Green Empowerment Day (I get flutters every time I say that) with us at Portland City Hall!  It’s not a party without you.

Reception for Green Empowerment at City Hall
June 9, 2009
5:30 – 7:00pm
City Hall, N. Atrium
1221 SW 4th Avenue
Portland, OR 97204

Beer has been generously donated by Widmer Brothers Gasthaus, wine by Elk Cove Vinyards, and snacks by Great Harvest Bakery.

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Cine-Layan:  A visual feast to move your heart, mind, and soul

CineLayanLogoFinalThe third annual Cine-layan Film Festival, a collection of independently made Filipino films, focuses on environmental and social justice in the Philippines. The two day festival features two full-length films to be presented for the first time in the Pacific Northwest, on June 5 and 6 at the Fifth Avenue Cinema, 510 SW Hall St, Portland.  Katrina Yuen Gonzales, one of the festival organizers says that Cinelayan is a play on the Tagalog word Sinilayan, which in English means “to illuminate ..in the hope that we can see what has been invisible to the eye.”

The festival will feature two documentaries:  Riles (Life on the Tracks) and Minsan Lang Sila Bata (Children Only Once).  Ronnie Scheib of, Variety Magazine says of Riles, “From the first astonishing shots of men, women and children casually moving their belongings from the railroad tracks seconds in front of an onrushing train, filmmaker Ditsi Carolino makes the viewer feel completely at home in what should be the most alien of environments. Thoroughly engrossing documentary about extreme poverty that gives feel-good movies a whole new meaning.”

Minsan Lang Sila Bata (Children Only Once) is “a documentary about child labor in the Philippine provinces. The directors recorded small children working under excruciating conditions in slaughterhouses, sugarcane fields, and ship docks in order to add to their family income. Images of the children’s carefree joy after release from work capture the essence of childhood and emphasize their plight.” — Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival. Director/filmmaker Ditso Carolino has won several Philippine documentary awards. Minsan Lang Sila Bata is a debut by her co-director Sadhana Buxani.

CineLayan Environmental Filipino Film Festival
June 5,  6:00 PM
June 6,  3:00 and 6:00 PM
Fifth Avenue Cinema
510 SW Hall St, Portland

Both Riles and Minsa Lang Sila Bata will be shown at the Friday 6pm
showing, tickets will be sold for $15. Minsan Lang Sila Bata repeats
at the Saturday, June 6 3:00 PM matinee, followed by Riles at the
Saturday 6pm showing when tickets are $10 respectively. Both feature films are in Tagalog with English sub-titles.  Tickets are available at www.brownpapertickets.com.

Proceeds benefit Green Empowerment and the independent Filipino
documentary filmmakers.

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Thibaut Demaegdt, a project engineer working with the Ecuadorian NGO, FEDETA (The Foundation for Appropriate Technology), describes the activities that he has been working on since arriving in Ecuador in early January.

He has been working on FEDETA projects with another engineer, Juan José del Valle. The civil engineer Mario Brito, Director of FEDETA, is their technical supervisor.

Study for the Community of Pavacachi

Thibaut and Juan José are conducting a study for an American NGO, Earth Sessions, that wants to finance a rural electrification and water pumping project in the Kichwa community of Pavacachi. Pavacachi is located in the Macas province of the Ecuadorian Amazon. The project would provide electricity to the houses in the community as well as a tourist center and research center. The study that Thibaut and Juan José are conducting is divided into four parts:

·    Water pumping system
·    Electrification system for the community houses, school and health center
·    Electrification system for the tourist center
·    Electrification system for the research center

They will focus on studying the solar resource as the wind is low in the Amazon and little data was provided about the water resource. Juan José will study the solar pumping system while Thibaut will study the three electrification projects. A final technical and financial study will be compiled and submitted to Earth Sessions so that the NGO will know what the project’s costs will be and some of the technical and social issues they may encounter.

Study for the Community of Oyacachi

On behalf of the company Solimar International, represented by Hamilton McNutt, FEDETA carried out a study on the exploitation of hydro-electric resources in the community of Oyacachi, located in the Ecuadorian Andes. Solimar is working with the Oyacachi community to establish a tourist lodge where all of the electricity consumed by the lodge will be from renewable sources. Solimar also provides the initial funds for the lodge’s construction and is repaid by the lodge’s revenue, which Hamilton estimates to be a period of 7 years. Once the initial investment is refunded to Solimar then the benefits and management of the entire lodge will return directly to the community’s responsibility.

Community of Oyacachi

Community of Oyacachi

Thibaut went with Juan José and Hamilton to Oyacachi with the following objectives:

·    Estimate the hydro power potential of the proposed site.
·    Learn about the administrative aspects of the project

Measuring the Width of the Río Oyacachi

Measuring the Width of the Río Oyacachi

The group calculated the approximate flow rate of the Rio Oyacahi, and calculated the flow for the driest months of the year as energy calculations are always based on the “worst” month of the year (i.e. the month that will produce the lowest amount of electricity.

Three potential project sites were established and GPS coordinates for each site were logged. Also, the president of the community, who will define the rights of the access to the land for the micro hydro power project, was interviewed to establish his concerns and thoughts about the project.

Thibaut and Juan José are currently writing a brief report about their findings and the different options that they determined and will submit their report to Solimar.  Based on these findings Solimar will determine whether or not to further continue the project.

Study for Two Communities in the Puná Island

On behalf of the NGO CODESAM, FEDETA performed a study for electrification and water pumping projects in two island communities on Puná, located in a bay facing the city of Guayaquil in the province of Guayas. Various projects must be studied separately in regards to the specific needs of the communities. FEDETA will focus on the solar resource and carry out a study about the implementation of photovoltaic systems for electricity and water pumping.

Water pumping in San Pablo de Kantesiya

Community Centre

Community Centre

One of Thibaut’s main projects in Ecuador consists of installing a water pumping system in the community of San Pablo de Kantesiya, which is located in the Sucumbíos province in the north of the Ecuadorian Amazon basin. The community, which is located near the Aguarico river, already has access to electricity due to a community managed photovoltaic project that FEDETA developed a few years ago. However, access to clean drinking water is not yet available and because of the widespread pollution in the Amazonian rivers, notably due to the oil industry, many communities are using unsafe water. FEDETA is working with the NGO Meal a Day, which provides $20,00 to enable Amazonian communities of Ecuador to get access to clean drinking water.

The project has changed several times considering technical options and the corresponding budgets. However, the final draft for the project has been decided on and consists of:
·    Installing a water pumping system in the community
·    Storing water pumped from the source into a reservoir situated high above the community level from which the water can be distributed by gravity
·    Installing two chlorine generators to purify water in two communities on the Río Aguarico (the community of San Pablo de Kantesiya and another community that remains to be defined)

Gonzalo, the UOPGES technician, installing the photovoltaic panel in San Pablo de Kantesiya

Gonzalo, the UOPGES technician, installing the photovoltaic panel in San Pablo de Kantesiya

Project details, such as the location of the water pumping system, have yet to be determined but Thibaut and other FEDETA members are conducting field visits in order to recognize the area and collect the necessary data. Throughout his duration in Ecuador Thibaut will continue working closely on this project and will provide additional details and project updates as the project progresses.

River Turbine Project on the Río Coca

While on his field visit to San Pablo de Kantesiya, Thibaut and other FEDETA members took the opportunity to visit the community of San José del Coca, located in the Amazonian province of Orellana. The community of San José del Coca is home to a pilot turbine project where three turbines are mounted on floating barges and gather energy supplied by the river flow. The water turbines are currently at a standstill due to three major problems:
·    One of the barges, having served as a serving state, is inundated and the control box is full of mud.
·    Out of 9 blades in total (3 tri-bladed turbines), 5 are broken.
·    One of the pulleys used to transmit power to the electrical box is buckled and makes the system operation impossible.

Barge Supporting Two Water Turbines

Barge Supporting Two Water Turbines

The visit was a good opportunity for the group to observe the problems and begin working to repair the systems and develop solutions that will prevent future problems from occurring. Also, they were able to verify that the electrical system was functioning normally and that the UOPGES (Operative Units of Sustainable Energy Management) technicians had properly carried out the maintenance.

Continuing His Work…

Thibaut’s job is mostly theoretical and is principally carried out in the FEDETA offices. The studies that he conducted (Pavacachi, Oyacachi and Isla Puná) are currently under review by customer and the technical director of FEDETA.

Thibaut is enthusiastic about continuing his work with FEDETA in Ecuador. He is currently focusing on the San Pablo de Kantesiya project. As the project funding is already provided by Meal a Day, when the study phase is completed, hardware can be purchased and construction can begin. This will involve a strong presence in the community and additional field work for Thibaut and will be quite a change from working in the office every day.

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